1 Bereavement guide
Our online bereavement guide includes:
- what to do when someone dies - where to go, who to contact, what action needs to be taken
- how to get help dealing with your emotions - the many organisations that can assist people to cope with grief
- the work of the Coroner - including inquests
- the scattering and interring of ashes
- roadside memorials and tributes
- leaving money to charity.
The Coronavirus pandemic is likely to have an impact on people’s experience of bereavement and grief.
Find information and resources on how bereavement and grief may be affected by the pandemic:
- Coronavirus: dealing with bereavement and grief (external link)
- Coronavirus: information, advice and guidance on supporting bereaved children and young people during the Coronavirus outbreak (external link).
Some of the keys areas are on these pages, but the guide includes much more detailed information and advice.
2 What to do if the death occurs at home
1. Contact the family doctor
In most cases the doctor will issue a Medical Certificate of Cause of Death (MCCD), together with a formal notice stating he or she has signed the certificate. You can then book an appointment to register the death.
There are some cases when the doctor cannot issue the certificate, for example, if:
- the deceased was not seen by a doctor during their last illness or within the 14 days before they died
- the cause of death is uncertain
- the death was sudden, violent or caused by an accident
- the death was caused by an industrial disease.
Under these circumstances the doctor may report the death to the coroner and a post-mortem may need to be arranged. In certain circumstances an inquest may also need to be held.
In the case of an expected death, it is likely that the body can be collected by your appointed funeral director.
If the matter has to be referred to the coroner it will be the coroner’s body removal contractor who will collect the body. It will then be taken to the coroner’s body storage facility.
2. Contact the police
If the death is violent, accidental or there are suspicious circumstances you must contact the police. In these cases the matter will automatically be referred to the coroner.
3 What to do if the death occurs in hospital
The Medical Certificate of Cause of Death (MCCD) will be issued by the hospital doctor, unless the coroner needs to be informed.
Once you have the certificate, you can book an appointment to register the death.
The hospital will keep the body in the mortuary until arrangements can be made for it to be taken away by the funeral director or the coroner.
4 Arranging a funeral
Funeral arrangements can be made as soon as you feel able to undertake the task. The funeral director will give you all the advice, guidance and support you need.
If the death has been reported to the coroner, this may affect the date when the funeral can be held.
Check whether the deceased's will contains instructions for the funeral. Also check whether the deceased had made funeral arrangements and paid for them in advance.
If you are the next of kin, and there are no specific instructions about who is expected to do so, it is up to you to make the funeral arrangements.
Taking into account the deceased’s wishes, you will need to decide:
- which funeral director to use
- whether the deceased is to be buried or cremated
- where the body will rest until the day of the funeral
- whether there will be a funeral service
- whether you want flowers for the funeral or donations to a named charity
- who will conduct the service
- where the funeral service will take place.
Guidance for organising a funeral during the Coronavirus pandemic
There is specific government guidance for managing funerals in place for the foreseeable future as part of the measures taken to respond to the Coronavirus pandemic. Those organising a funeral should adhere to the following:
- restrict the number of mourners who attend so that a safe distance of at least 2m can be maintained between individuals
- only the following should attend:
- members of the person’s household
- close family members
- if the deceased has neither household or family members in attendance, then it is possible for a modest number of friends to attend
- mourners should follow the advice on social distancing, hand hygiene and prevention of the spread of infection.
Find advice and guidance below on arranging and attending a funeral during the Coronavirus outbreak and ideas for what you can do if you are not able to attend.
- Age UK - advice on arranging a funeral during the Coronavirus outbreak
- Cruse Bereavement Care - Coronavirus: funerals and memorials
- Winston’s Wish - Coronavirus: how to say goodbye when a funeral isn’t possible
5 Tell Us OnceFind out about the Tell Us Once service
6 Who you need to contact checklist
When someone dies there are many organisations you may need to contact to tell them about the death.
A useful checklist is available on page 10 of the bereavement guide.