Medical needs

Information, resources and links to support children and young people with additional medical needs.

A medical diagnosis or a disability does not necessarily imply a special educational need.

It may not be necessary for a child or young person with a diagnosis or medical condition to have any form of additional educational provision, funding or an Education Health and Care Plan.

It is the child or young person’s educational needs rather than a medical diagnosis that must be considered.

Some children or young people may have medical conditions that, if not properly managed could hinder their access to education. For example:

  • Progress within the curriculum may be affected by condition or medication.
  • The child or young person may have absences from school.
  • The condition may influence tiredness and concentration levels.
  • The medical conditions may result in bullying and social isolation.

The Equality Act 2010 states that public bodies must not discriminate and must make reasonable adjustments for disabled children and young people.

The definition of disability in the Equality Act includes children and young people with long term health conditions. “Children with medical conditions” includes those with:

  • asthma
  • diabetes
  • cancer
  • arthritis
  • epilepsy
  • severe allergies
  • incontinence
  • eczema
  • cystic fibrosis
  • tracheotomy
  • colostomy
  • ileostomy
  • mental health.

Pregnancy is not a medical condition and needs should be met in school. Girls are entitled up to 18 weeks maternity leave to be used before and after the birth.

Useful documents