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Geology and soils

West Sussex has a distinctive landscape, the structure of which is influenced by the underlying geology. Weather, erosion and deposition all work together to determine the shape or form of the landscape, its drainage and soils.

Features often quoted as characterising West Sussex include the Downs, the heath-lands, the Coastal Plain, the low and high weald. These are distinctive largely because of the geology and landform, complemented by the vegetation cover, and much modified, of course, by human activity.

The simplified bedrock geology map of West Sussex, shown below, illustrates the striking West to East geology types. This is also reflected in the land form and to a great extent by the soil types.

For further information on the geology of West Sussex, please contact the Booth Museum of Natural History. Contact details are available on the museum's website.

Supporting document


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